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“游手好闲”也可以是在工作(上)

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Business

商业

Bartleby -- Loafing can be work

巴托比专栏——游手好闲也可以是在工作

Daydreaming, promenading and zoning out all pay rich dividends

做白日梦、散步和开小差都能带来丰厚的回报

The familiar exerts a powerful subliminal appeal.

熟悉的事物会产生一种强大的潜意识吸引力。

The "name-letter effect" refers to the subconscious bias that people have for the letters in their own name, and for their own initials in particular.

“姓名的字母效应”指的是人们在潜意识中对自己姓名中的字母,尤其是首字母,存在的偏向。

They are more likely to choose careers, partners and brands that start with their initials (Joe becomes a joiner, marries Judy and loves Jaffa cakes).

他们更有可能选择以自己名字的首字母开头的职业、伴侣和品牌(乔成为一名木工,与朱迪结婚,喜欢佳发蛋糕)。

A related bias, the "well-travelled-road effect", describes the tendency of people to ascribe shorter travelling times to familiar routes than is actually the case.

与之相关的还有一种偏向叫作“熟路效应”,即人们倾向于认为熟路所需要的行程时间更短,而忽略了实际情况。

A bias towards the familiar shows up at work, too.

对熟悉事物的偏向也体现在工作中。

One such prejudice is about what exactly constitutes work.

其中一种偏见是关于工作的构成要素。

Being at a desk counts as work, as does looking at a screen above a certain size.

坐在办公桌前是工作,盯着较大尺寸的屏幕也是工作。

Responding to email and being in a meeting are indubitably forms of work.

回复邮件和开会毫无疑问都是工作的一种形式。

So is any activity that might elicit sympathy if performed on the weekend -- typing, taking a phone call from the boss, opening any type of spreadsheet.

所以任何在周末进行就可能会引发同情的活动——打字、接老板的电话、打开任何一种电子表格——都是工作。

This prejudice helps to explain worries about "proximity bias", the risk that white-collar employees who spend lots of time in the office are more likely to advance than remote workers who are less visible.

这种偏见有助于解释人们对“接近偏差”的担忧,即长时间待在办公室的白领员工比不常出现在人们视线中的远程员工更有机会获得晋升。

That is because being inside an office building is itself something that counts as work.

这是因为待在办公楼里本身就算是一种工作。

Pre-pandemic research showed that "passive face-time" -- the mere fact of being seen at your desk, without even interacting with anyone -- led observers to think of people as dependable and committed.

疫情前的研究表明,“被动的视频会面”——仅仅是被人看到坐在办公桌前这一事实,甚至不需要与任何人互动——会使观察者认为这些人是可靠且忠诚的。

But these familiar forms of work can deceive, for two reasons.

但这些熟悉的工作形式可能具有欺骗性,原因有两个。

The first is that what looks like a Stakhanovite effort may be no such thing.

首先,看似斯塔汉诺夫式(工作狂式)的努力可能并不是真的在努力。

Keyboard-tappers may just be updating their LinkedIn profiles.

敲键盘的人可能只是在更新他们的领英个人资料。

Attendees at a meeting are often present in body but not in spirit.

出席会议的人往往是身体出席,精神缺席。

Even when actual work is being done, it may not be the most productive use of people’s time.

就算当前的工作已经完成了,这可能也不是最高效的利用人们时间的方式。

The second is that things that look like the opposite of work -- loafing about, to use the technical term -- can be very useful indeed.

其次,那些看起来与工作背道而驰的事——用专业术语来说就是游手好闲——实际上可能非常有用。

Take daydreaming.

拿做白日梦来说。

In most workplaces, staring into space for hours on end is frowned upon; security guards and models can get away with it, but few others.

在大多数工作场所,连续几个小时盯着天看是不被赞成的;保安和模特可以这么做,但其它人几乎都不能这样。

Yet letting the mind wander is not simply part of being human; it can also be a source of creativity, a way to unlock solutions to thorny problems.

然而,允许思维漫游不仅仅是显示人性的一部分;它也可能是创造力的源泉,是解决棘手问题的一种方式。

译文由可可原创,仅供学习交流使用,未经许可请勿转载。

重点单词   查看全部解释    
ascribe [ə'skraib]

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v. 归因于,归咎于

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technical ['teknikəl]

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adj. 技术的,工艺的

 
particular [pə'tikjulə]

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adj. 特殊的,特别的,特定的,挑剔的
n.

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prejudice ['predʒudis]

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n. 偏见,伤害
vt. 使 ... 存偏见,

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committed [kə'mitid]

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adj. 献身于某种事业的,委托的

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proximity [prɔk'simiti]

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n. 接近,亲近

 
remote [ri'məut]

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adj. 偏僻的,遥远的,远程的,(感情等)距离很大

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visible ['vizəbl]

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adj. 可见的,看得见的
n. 可见物

 
deceive [di'si:v]

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vt. 欺骗
vi. 行骗

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elicit [i'lisit]

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vt. 引出,诱探出

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